What you need to know about cholesterol
Doctors warn against high cholesterol levels. Elevated blood lipid levels can increase the risk of vascular deposits and cardiovascular diseases. Cholesterol is a lipid molecule that is an important part of the cell membrane and binds to free cholesterol in the blood so that it can be transported. Excess cholesterol is either broken down in the liver or deposited in the vessel walls.
“Bad” and “good” cholesterol
Cholesterol is differentiated into LDL cholesterol and HDL cholesterol: Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL) is often referred to as “bad” cholesterol. If more cholesterol circulates in the blood than the cells need, excess LDL cholesterol builds up as plaque in the vessel walls. The arteries become calcified. The consequences of such arteriosclerosis are narrowed arteries, which impair blood circulation and, accordingly, the transport of nutrients and oxygen.
His opponent is the “good” High Density Lipoproteins (HDL). Its job is to carry cholesterol from the cells to the liver, where it is broken down. For this reason, it is advisable to keep your LDL cholesterol levels as low as possible and have higher HDL cholesterol levels to reduce the risk of heart attack or stroke.
Good cholesterol: Rely on these foods
A healthy lifestyle contributes to high HDL cholesterol levels. This includes regular exercise and, above all, a balanced diet. In our picture gallery we introduce you to the best foods that have a positive effect on your fat metabolism.