War against Ukraine: who is supplying which weapons

Status: 04/21/2022 08:57 a.m

In order to be able to fend off Russian attacks, Ukraine primarily needs heavy weapons. Germany hesitates – but what about other NATO countries? Who delivers what?

By Helga Schmidt, ARD Studio Brussels

German solo efforts are the wrong way, says Chancellor Olaf Scholz when talking about tank deliveries to Ukraine. Last Tuesday, after switching with US President Joe Biden and other heads of government of the major industrialized nations. “Take a look around at what others who are closely allied with us are doing,” Scholz recommended to the journalists in the subsequent press conference.

The NATO partners are closely allied. And most of them are as reticent as Germany when it comes to tank deliveries. Officially delivered so far from the 30 NATO countries only Czech Republic tanks in the war zone. A few dozen of the T 72 type, Soviet-made main battle tanks, but also infantry fighting vehicles from earlier NVA stocks.

Countries are examining the delivery of heavy weapons

Beyond the debate about main battle tanks, however, there is something moving on the subject of so-called heavy weapons, i.e. artillery pieces, armored vehicles, or helicopters. Countries that have so far hesitated to send heavy weapons to Ukraine now consider it necessary – because, according to their reasoning, the Russian attacks in eastern Ukraine could not be repelled otherwise.

Chancellor Scholz indicated a possible participation of Germany involved in the delivery of artillery from the USA or the Netherlands to Ukraine. It could be about providing ammunition or training.

Belgian Prime Minister Alexander de Croo also said: “We are trying to respond as well as possible to the wishes of Ukraine.” He did not want to say exactly which weapons will be delivered, just this much: in Belgium look now “to the question of heavy military material”. It sounded similar with Marc Rutte, head of government Netherlands, at. “We’re actually careful with reports, but today it’s another step,” said Rutte and announced that he would deliver heavy material. “We do that bilaterally with armored vehicles.”

Defensive weapons no longer sufficient

Almost all NATO countries had previously delivered lighter, mostly defensive weapon systems. Defense missiles against Russian tanks, anti-aircraft guns, radar systems. “This put the Ukrainian army in a very good position to defend its cities,” says intelligence expert Erich Schmidt-Eenboom.

What contributed to the failure of Russian attempts at conquest in Kyiv is no longer sufficient in the fighting in eastern Ukraine. “In open terrain is what has been done by the USA is completely unsuitable,” says Schmidt-Eenboom. And because Washington has not yet announced any main battle tanks for Ukraine, President Zelenskyy will probably continue to demand them from Germany.

USA supplies most of the weapons

The US is supplying by far the most weapons to Ukraine – since the beginning of the war armaments worth 2.5 billion dollars have been pledged. After all, it also has 1.5 billion euros European Union provided since the beginning of the war – from community funds, the so-called peace facility.

The idea was for Ukraine to report what it needs to a central office,” reports MEP Hannah Neumann. The member countries – and even the armaments companies – should then see “what they can make available to Ukraine.” Everything from ammunition to defense missiles can be financed – but no tanks or heavily armored vehicles, according to Neumann. Accordingly, the Federal Government is also here on the EU line originally agreed with the partners.

Nevertheless, Neumann is demanding that the German Chancellor do more. “Especially when Germany has to block gas supplies for good reasons,” she points out, one is obliged “to ensure compensation elsewhere.” And yes, “these are mainly the arms deliveries.”

NATO partners still hesitant

Many alliance partners in the western alliance are keeping a low profile on the subject of arms deliveries. There have been many announcements, but it is not easy to understand who is really bringing which systems to Ukraine. Security reasons are likely to play a decisive role, for example if France and Italy almost no details about arms deliveries are published. Also from Norway it was said recently that heavy weapons are being considered – but anti-aircraft missiles will continue to be delivered for the time being.

The became more concrete Great Britain Prime Minister Boris Johnson. Johnson announced this week that he is considering supplying missiles to attack ships in Ukraine. Ukraine will need additional artillery to help, “that’s what we’re going to give them.”

German solo effort? The West and Weapons for Ukraine

Helga Schmidt, ARD Brussels, April 21, 2022 1:11 a.m

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