Poland’s parliament has passed two laws the government hopes will unlock billions of dollars in EU funds. One law concerns the judicial reform demanded by the EU. Accordingly, in the future, the Supreme Administrative Court will deal with disciplinary cases by judges – and not a chamber of the Court of Justice, which critics believe will be used to punish judges critical of the government. The second law concerns the easing of regulations for wind farm projects required by the EU. For the laws to come into force, they must be signed by President Andrzej Duda. However, Duda can also veto it or ask the constitutional tribunal to carry out a review. The EU is currently holding back around 35 billion euros.