Nazi contemporary witness: How Elisen gingerbread came to the USA – Bavaria

Interview by

Clara Lipkowski

It’s eight o’clock in the morning in Chatham, New Jersey; William Freund, 94 years old, logs into the zoom call at home and wants to get started right away, it is not early, he says, he is a morning person. During the conversation, the native of Nuremberg easily switches between English and German. He has much to tell. At the age of eleven, he and his Jewish family from Nuremberg fled the Nazis to New York City. 84 years later, his memories are still there of how the Nazis came to the city and life for Jews in Nuremberg became more and more threatening.


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