German economy grows by 1.8 percent in summer – economy

Despite delivery bottlenecks, the German economy grew in the third quarter. The gross domestic product (GDP) rose by 1.8 percent compared to the previous quarter, as the Federal Statistical Office announced on Friday in a first estimate.

According to the latest figures, Europe’s largest economy even grew by 1.9 percent in the second quarter. However, the gross domestic product is still in the red in a pre-crisis comparison. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2019, the period before the start of the Corona crisis, GDP in the third quarter of 2021 was 1.1 percent lower.

According to the information, economic growth in the period from July to the end of September was mainly driven by consumer spending. The restrictions to combat the corona pandemic with the temporary closure of restaurants, fitness studios and shops had been gradually relaxed from mid-May.

The industry, on the other hand, suffers from a shortage of materials and delivery bottlenecks, which are a consequence of the 2020 Corona crisis. Last year, demand initially collapsed, but global demand is picking up again as the economy recovers. Raw materials and intermediate products such as semiconductors are scarce and significantly more expensive. Despite well-filled order books, some companies have to cut production as a result. The federal government and economists expect the economic recovery to slow significantly towards the end of the year.

No hoped for “final spurt”

This year, in view of the current supply bottlenecks and high energy prices around the world, the hoped-for “final spurt” will not come, said the Executive Minister for Economic Affairs Peter Altmaier (CDU) recently. He spoke of a historically unique shortage of intermediate goods. The federal government lowered the growth expectations for 2021. After the corona-related collapse in gross domestic product in 2020, the government expects economic output to increase by 2.6 percent this year – in April an increase of 3.5 percent was predicted. Economic growth of 4.1 percent is now expected for 2022 instead of the previous 3.6 percent.

Leading economic research institutes had also lowered their economic forecast for this year significantly. They expect economic growth in Europe’s largest economy of 2.4 percent.

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