Status: 09.09.2021 4.30 p.m.
It is a slap in the face for the parties: none of the measures in their election manifesto would achieve the climate targets by 2030 – not to mention the 1.5 degree target. But the Greens come closest to this, according to a DIW study.
None of the parties represented in the Bundestag would achieve the German climate protection goals with their policies. This is the result of a study by the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW). Overall, according to the study, the Greens come closest to the goals, the FDP lands in last place. The Union and the SPD are on par, but have different priorities. Behind the Greens, the Left Party occupies second place.
Claudia Kemfert, German Institute for Economic Research, on the climate party programs before the federal election
tagesschau24 4:00 p.m., 9.9.2021
The researchers examined the parties’ election programs to see whether the climate policy measures would achieve the target of a 65 percent reduction in greenhouse gases by 2030 compared to 1990 levels set out in the Climate Protection Act, as well as the targets for individual sectors such as energy, industry, Transport, Buildings, or Agriculture. An evaluation of the AfD was not possible, according to the director of studies Claudia Kemfert from DIW, because the party denies the human-made climate change and does not seek a climate policy that can be evaluated.
Professionally sound mix of measures at the Greens
According to the Climate Neutrality Foundation, which commissioned the study, the study was the first to scientifically assess the climate policy statements of the parties for their plausibility and impact. In a point system, the Greens achieve relatively high scores in all areas, while the other parties concentrate their climate policy on individual areas. The study, on the other hand, certifies the Greens, who achieved 3.62 out of four points, a detailed and technically sound mix of measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in all areas.
The FDP, for example, does not propose any measures for agriculture or building renovation. While the SPD is making ambitious proposals in the transport sector, the Union scores with the reduction of greenhouse gases in industry. However, both parties only achieve around 1.8 points in the overall rating.
Kemfert said that the climate policy of the parties was measured against the climate protection law, which is binding for every government: “We have to meet these climate goals”. The fact that there are “such large gaps” despite all the assurances for more climate protection is extremely unsatisfactory “. In addition, Kemfert added that the goal of the Paris Climate Agreement, which was also signed by Germany, of stopping global warming at 1.5 degrees compared to the pre-industrial age, could not be achieved with the German climate protection goals.